Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Class: Insecta (Insects)
Subclass: Pterygota (Winged Insects)
Order: Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Sub-Order: Rhopalocera (Butterflies)
Family: Nymphalidae (Fritillaries)
Genus: Inachis
Species: io
Polygonia c-album

The Comma is a medium-sized butterly, with an angular, jagged outline, and a pattern of orange, dark brown and black, and short tails. The underside is shades of brown, looking like a leaf or the bark of a tree, and there is a small white 'c' on the hindwing, giving rise to its common name. It is a strong flier, but is not as often seen as some other butterflies. It hibernates on tree trunks, when its colouring acts as camouflage.

The Comma butterfly feeds on nectar from members of the Daisy Family, Buddleia, and also drinks the juice of over-ripe fruit in the autumn.

The larva is black and white, with spines, and it feeds on stinging nettle, Hop and Currant.

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