PRUNELLA vulgaris

Self Heal, Heal-all



Height: 2-10" (5-25 cm)
Flowering Time: Summer, autumn
Flower Colour: Purple

Botanical Classification:


Angiospermae (Angiosperms)
Subclass: Dicotyledonae (Dicotyledons)
Superorder: Asteridae (Daisy Superorder)
Order: Lamiales (Nettle Order)
Family: Lamiaceae (Nettle Family)
Genus: Prunella
Species: vulgaris (common)
Prunella vulgaris

Prunella vulgaris is a very attractive wild flower and would be more welcome in gardens if it did not increase in size so easily by its rooting stems. It forms tight mats of dark green pointed leaves, almost prostrate in dry conditions but up to ten inches tall in amongst taller grasses in damper conditions. The stems are tough and woody, and the clusters of bright purple flowers are borne in a dense flat-topped spike. Leaves and bracts are often tinged purple.

The name Prunella is from Brunella, the German for quinsy, a disease the plant was said to cure.

Prunella vulgaris has been used in herbal medicine for many ailments, including kidney, liver and gall bladder problems, as a muscle relaxant, to lower fever, stop bleeding, and aid healing fo wounds.


Harvesting and Growing from Seed:


(165 days)

Seed Pod There is no seed pod. The seeds are at the bottom of the calyx.

Seed The seeds are tiny dark brown nuts. There are four seeds from each flower.

Seedling The seedling has pointed leaves.

(You can check the meaning of any technical terms new to you in the Botany section of the site)
Back to Wildflowers Main Page 
Back to Plant Profiles Main Page