Red Clover, Purple Clover,
Height: 4-12" (10-30 cm) Flowering Time: Spring, summer, autumn Flower Colour: Pink ____________________________________
Subclass: Dicotyledonae (Dicotyledons) Superorder: Rosidae (Rose Superorder) Order: Fabales (Bean Order) Family: Papilionaceae (Pea Family) Genus: Trifolium (Trefoil or Clover) Species: pratense (of fields) ____________________________________
Trifolium pratense is one of the most well-known wildflowers. It is a woody, leafy plant, often only a few inches high, but reaching over a foot amongst longer grasses and hedge plants. It has large trifoliate leaves with a distinct lighter zone, and the whole plant is softly hairy. The dense flowerheads are composed of many small elongated pea-flowers, usually in deep pink. It grows wild on grassy banks, roadsides and waste places.
Trifolium pratense has been used in traditional medicine as a muscle relaxant, an antiseptic and to treat kidney and skin problems.
Harvesting and Growing from Seed:
Outside ( days)
Seed Pod The seed pod is a small narrow pea pod. Each flower in the flower head produces
a seed pod, which is enclosed in the dead flower.
Seed The seeds are very small brown peas. There are few seeds in a seed pod.
Seedling The seedling has three rounded leaflets.
(You can check the meaning of any technical terms new to you in the Botany section of the site)
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