TRIFOLIUM pratense

Red Clover, Purple Clover,
Soukie Soo



Height: 4-12" (10-30 cm)
Flowering Time: Spring, summer, autumn
Flower Colour: Pink

Botanical Classification:


Angiospermae (Angiosperms)
Subclass: Dicotyledonae (Dicotyledons)
Superorder: Rosidae (Rose Superorder)
Order: Fabales (Bean Order)
Family: Papilionaceae (Pea Family)
Genus: Trifolium (Trefoil or Clover)
Species: pratense (of fields)
Trifolium pratense

Trifolium pratense is one of the most well-known wildflowers. It is a woody, leafy plant, often only a few inches high, but reaching over a foot amongst longer grasses and hedge plants. It has large trifoliate leaves with a distinct lighter zone, and the whole plant is softly hairy. The dense flowerheads are composed of many small elongated pea-flowers, usually in deep pink. It grows wild on grassy banks, roadsides and waste places.

Trifolium pratense has been used in traditional medicine as a muscle relaxant, an antiseptic and to treat kidney and skin problems.


Harvesting and Growing from Seed:


Outside ( days)

Seed Pod The seed pod is a small narrow pea pod. Each flower in the flower head produces
a seed pod, which is enclosed in the dead flower.

Seed The seeds are very small brown peas. There are few seeds in a seed pod.

Seedling The seedling has three rounded leaflets.

(You can check the meaning of any technical terms new to you in the Botany section of the site)
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